Last minute hotel reservation!

 

The 1814 Campaign for France

1814

Having managed to survive through both the disastrous 1812 and 1813 campaigns in Russia and Germany, Napoleon Bonaparte made the politically fatal error of not agreeing to peace terms set by the Allied Powers.

The ever-strengthening Allies wanted to restrict France to borders based on the Rhine and the Alps but Bonaparte felt, as he had done before, that he would be able to best the combined forces ranged against him.

This time, however, his inexperienced troops would be assailed from all sides and by seasoned and numerous soldiers led by the likes of the Duke of Wellington, Field Marshal Blucher and a former French marshal, now Crown Prince of Sweden, Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte.

Despite the odds, an energised Bonaparte performed brilliantly and handed out defeat after defeat to his enemies.

Victories at Brienne, La Rothiere, Champaubert, Montmirail, Chateau Thierry, Vauchamps, Montereau and Craonne had the Allies reeling, but the losses by Marshal Macdonald at Bar-sur-Aube, and marshals Mortier and Marmont at La Fere-Champenoise did not help the cause.

Despite being greatly outnumbered, Bonaparte was forced to take increasingly desperate actions and launched a high-risk assault on Blucher at Laon. He lost and then moved to attack Austria's Field Marshal Karl Schwarzenberg at Arcis-sur-Aube. Again he lost and, before he could reinforce Marmont and Mortier near Paris, the former surrendered his army.

Paris was occupied on 31 March and within a week his marshals had forced Bonaparte to abdicate. The Allies, however, would accept nothing less than unconditional surrender and so the emperor agreed on 11 April.

Ahead lay exile on the island of Elba.

 

 

 

 
 
Napoleon Bonaparte
Career Portraits
Quotes Family
Loves Letters
Plots Murdered?
His will Places
   
Era of Napoleon
Powers Opponents
Coalitions Allies
People Timelines
Key sites Shrapnel
   
Warfare
Campaigns Battles
Armies Generals
Marshals Winners
Glossary Medical
Weapons 1812 War
Uniforms Battlefields
   
War at Sea
Naval War Heroes
Artworks Signals
Nelson Trafalgar
   
Maps
Key Maps Peninsula
Animated 1796/1800
1809 Russia
   
French Revolution
Revolution Guillotine
Posters People
   
Art, Film, Games
Education Goya
Sharpe Hornblower
Books Movies
DVDs Music
Wargames Images
Cartoons Caricatures
   
Other
About Us Sources
Awards Sitemap
Links Militaria
Miniatures Reenactors
Forum Quizzes
Home Waterloo Diorama
   
Napoleonic Auctions
General Miniatures
Militaria  
   
   
Copyright Richard Moore 1999 | Privacy Policy | Contact Us