experienced and capable soldier, Charles Leclerc began his military
career as a volunteered in 1791 and within two years had risen to
become a divisional chief of staff at the siege of Toulon.
the revolutionary success there, he campaigned along the Rhine,
in Italy and fought at Castiglione and Rivoli.
1797, the newly promoted General de Brigade Leclerc married into
Napoleon Bonaparte's family when
he wed Pauline Bonaparte, with
whom he had a child.
staff postings in both the Army of Ireland, then the Army of England,
Leclerc gained promotion to general de division, which allowed him
to assist Napoleon Bonaparte in his bid for power.
military campaigns followed on the Rhine and in Spain and then in
1802 his brother-in-law gave him command of the expedition to restore
San Domingo, now Haiti, to France.
from sound military thinking, Leclerc used brutality and deception
to end the rebellion of General
Toussaint L'Ouverture, whom he seized during a meeting and exiled
to die in a French prison.
Leclerc's triumph was short-lived as within a year he had died from
yellow fever and the tide swung inexorably against French hopes
on San Domingo.
of the West Indies
The West Indies Campaigns