Gerhard von Scharnhorst
Hannoverian by birth, Gerhard von Scharnhorst served with his country's
army until 1801.
out by the Prussians for his abilities at military theories, Scharnhorst
rose up the ranks and in 1806 was chief-of-staff to the Duke of
was wounded during the Prussian humiliation at Auerstadt.
to the task of recreating Prussia as a military force, Scharnhorst
followed the path of creating a people's army through the formation
of landwehr units.
changed the army's organisation, tactics and also ended the class
system that barred all but the nobility from becoming an officer.
of his biggest successes was to introduce a secret system that kept
Prussia to a French-imposed limit of soldiers by fully training
troops and then releasing them so more could be trained.
the time hostilities broke out in 1813,
Prussia could field almost 35,000 more than the official limit of
Scharnhorst went on campaign with Field
Marshal Blucher and was wounded at Lutzen.
wound became infected and he died, just over a month later, in Prague.