1756 - 1852
and intelligent, Francisco Castanos made a glorious start to his
war against the French by forcing the surrender of an enemy army
at Bailen in 1808.
career, however, would not hit the same heights again and in November
of 1808 he resigned after being defeated at Tudela.
two years his fortunes turned when he was appointed for a short
time to the Spanish Regency following his rescue of the Central
Junta from an angry mob.
got on well with the British and the Duke
of Wellington, who liked the Spaniard's lack of pretension or
overconfidence in his military skills.
1811, Castanos became Captain-General of Estremadura and took overall
charge of three armies.
well with Wellington, Castanos received much support from the British
commander when political back-stabbing led to his being removed.
says a lot about Castanos that Wellington, who was not slow to criticise
Spanish regular officers, said he could rely upon him.