30 August 1813
by Napoleon Bonaparte
to pursue the Austro-Russian army after the victory at Dresden,
General Vandamme and
32,000 men found themselves facing a determined rearguard.
to nearby Kulm, Vandamme found himself outnumbered by 44,000
men under the command of General Ivan Ostermann-Tolstoy.
force held the enemy at bay in a ferocious contest, until
bad luck threw the balance in favour of Ostermann-Tolstoy.
10,000-man Prussian force under General
Kleist, hurriedly retreating from Marshal
Gouvion St Cyr's pursuing corps, suddenly appeared to
between the two forces, Vandamme showed great bravery and
skill in trying to extricate himself from the position.
than half his force did manage to fight their way out, but
some 13,000 men were captured. The Allies lost some 11,000
Marshal Macdonald's loss
at the Katzbach, the defeat
at Kulm was a further body blow to the French.