Bonaparte's head of internal security, Joseph Fouche was a former
school teacher who put aside the slate for politics.
a Jacobin member of the Convention, Fouche voted for the death of
Louis XVI and then, sensing a
change in political fortunes, turned against them.
1799, Fouche became Minister of Police and used his increasingly
powerful agent network to support the coup of Brumaire.
his assistance, Bonaparte was nervous of Fouche's power and he was
removed from office for two years, before being re-employed as security
1810, the French emperor discovered Fouche had been having secret
talks with foreign powers and eventually sacked him.
Fouche wormed his way back into semi favour and was given the governorship
the Bourbon return to power Fouche kept links with Bonaparte, as
he then did with the royals during the 100
the emperor's final defeat he was president of the commission ruling
France and even had a place in government.
pro-royalists took offence at a regicide being in power and Fouche
quit his post after only a few months.
intriguer with few equals, Fouche was the ultimate survivor with
no obvious morals.