Tsar of Russia
on-off supporter of Napoleon Bonaparte,
Tsar Alexander ended by being one of the French Emperor's most implaccable
disenchantment with Bonaparte
began with the death of the Duc d'Énghien and led to Russia joining
the Third Coalition against France.
forces took the field in the campaigns that led to the battles of
and the humiliating defeat at Friedland
but his anti-French feelings were changed at the personal meeting
Initially drawn into the Continental System of trade, his attitudes
began to change when the Russian economy was hurt by the blockade
of British goods.
to be cowed by the appearance of a French army on his borders in
1812, Alexander showed remarkable
strength of character to refuse to hold talks with his invader even
after the capture and burning of Moscow.
disastrous retreat from his country, Alexander sent army after army
to defeat his foe.
abdicated, the tsar's affection for France returned and he was an
important influence on limiting Prussia's demands for vengeance.
after the 100 Days' Campaign
he was determined to keep the balance of power level in Europe by
maintaining France as a political force.