25 July 1799
Turkish army of some 8000 men landed at Aboukir during Napoleon
Bonaparte's abortive march on Acre
and overthrew the small French garrisons holding two key
days later, the main French army returned to find the Turks
set up in three battlelines on the 24th and, the next day,
launched an assault.
Turks put up a stout defence but, against 10,000 French,
the ask was always going to be too much.
battle was decided at noon by a cavalry charge led by General
Joachim Murat that retook a key fort and captured the
Turkish leader Mustapha Pasha.
toll for the Turks was massive, with 2000 men killed in
the battle and maybe another 4000 drowning while making
for the Royal Navy ships that brought them.
remaining 2500 locked themselves in Aboukir castle but with
no supplies had little chance of survival. After 1000 deaths
in seven days, the survivors raised the white flag. The
French suffered fewer than 1000 casualties.
a month Bonaparte and his closest friends left for France
leaving the isolated army under the command of the extremely
capable General Kleber.