of Admiral Horatio Nelson
Nelson Memorabilia Discovered
boardgame on battle of Trafalgar
the Royal Navy at the age of 12, Horatio Nelson was to rise
through the ranks of British sailors and enjoy being one
of the greatest and most loved people of his time.
early years of service were in the West Indies but in 1793
took the helm of HMS Agamemnon patrolling the Mediterranean.
lost the use of his right eye after it became damaged by
sand at Calvi, but continued his meteoric rise to commodore
after a successful two-year campaign disrupting enemy traders
off the French and Ligurian coasts.
in 1797 after Cape St Vincent,
the now Rear Admiral Nelson lost his right arm following
an attack on a Spanish ship at Santa Cruz.
A year later he was blockading
the city of Toulon when a certain General
Napoleon Bonaparte managed to avoid
his net and sailed off towards Egypt,
only to have the angry British commander finally catch the
fleet at the Nile.
following battle between Nelson, on the Vanguard, and Admiral
Brueys D'Aigalliers, on the l'Orient, ended when the
120-gun French flagship exploded after sustained attacks
from numerous British ships.
star was now firmly shooting high and the victory of the
Nile gained him a baroncy.
In 1801, Nelson won the battle of Copenhagen
and, after several years of peace between France and Britain,
renewed his maritime campaign against them.
21 October, Nelson caught a combined French-Spanish fleet
at Trafalgar that had
earlier evaded his attempts
to catch them.
a new tactic to split the numerically superior 33 enemy
vessels, Nelson ordered his ships to slice through the French
in two lines of vessels.
It would then be a chance for the elite British to bring
their superior training to bear. The plan worked brilliantly
and the French and Spanish suffered horrendous losses.
enemy ships were lost and more than 14,000 men. Nelson's
force did not lose a ship, but suffered 1500 casualties
- including its commander.
for his ostentatious uniform that was highly recognisable,
Nelson was spotted on the Victory
by an enemy sharpshooter and was shot
through the spine during the height of the battle.
Mortally wounded, he was taken below - so as not to discourage
his men - and died several
hours later having learnt of his great victory.
Few commanders have ever been as adored as Nelson and, despite
a highly public love affair with Lady Emma Hamilton that
upset higher society, he was a champion of the public.