3 May, 1809
the main Austrian army retreated away from the double defeats
at Abensberg and Eckmuhl,
a 40,000-strong rearguard under General Hiller moved to
slow the French progress towards Vienna.
prepared his men behind the river Traun and watched as Marshal
Andre Massena and 22,000 men approached.
once, French intelligence let Massena down and he ordered
a risky cross-river attack, not knowing that Marshal
Jean Lannes was moving to outflank the Austrian
get to the main Austrian force established on the ridge
behind Ebelsberg, Massena had first to cross a heavily defended
bridge and capture the town and its castle.
advance division managed the first two objectives, albeit
at heavy cost, and then had to fend off local counterattacks
and at one stage looked as it may not be able to hold.
rushed reinforcements in and the French then threw back
the defenders and took the castle.
his advantage in numbers, Hiller did not launch a major
counterattack and instead withdrew.
Austrians lost some 2000 killed and wounded and 4000 more
prisoners, while Massena suffered almost 3000 casualties.