The Peninsular War (3)
1807 to 1814
Battles Location Map
Suggestions for Portugal
Deaths in British Army Hospitals
the extremely capable Sir
William Beresford retraining and organising the Portuguese
army, Wellesley at last had allies he could trust and caught
Marshal Nicholas Soult on
the hop when he crossed the Douro River at Oporto
and seized the military initiative.
into Spain, Wellesley was attacked by the French at Talavera,
where the duplicitous Spanish general Gregorio
de la Cuesta did nothing as the British fought tooth
and nail to defeat Marshal
Victor and Joseph Bonaparte's army.
against trusting the Spaniards again, the now Viscount Wellington
fell back to Portugal where he waited for the next opportunity
to take on the French.
1810, Wellesley had constructed an impenetrable, series
of fortified prepared defensive Lines
of Torres Vedras, which completely cut off Lisbon from
attack and stymied the new French commander's, Marshal
Andre Massena, hopes of an easy victory over the Anglo-Portuguese.
invasion of Portugal earned him a bloody nose at Bussaco
and before he had time to reorganise for another attempt
at Wellington, the British commander had withdrawn behind
the defensive perimeter at Torres Vedras.
The French marshal made some attempts to get through the
lines and then sat obstinately outside them waiting for
another chance to be at the British.
had other ideas and just waited for hunger - the lands having
been cleared of foodstuffs - to take its effect.
took the entire winter for Massena to get the message and
he was finally forced to march his starving army towards
better providing countryside.
British won a further battle at Barrossa
and Wellington and Massena drew the encounter at Fuentes
1811, one of the most bloody encounters on the Peninsula
occurred when Soult moved to end the siege of Badajoz, a
fortress guarding the Portuguese-Spanish border.