staunch republican, Lazare Carnot was one of the men who
voted for the execution of Louis
XVI and his one desire was to see France strong enough
to defend itself, and its ideals, against the reactionary
nations intent on destroying it.
set about reorganising the French army with mass conscription
and the amalgamation (l'amalgame) of two battalions of conscripts/volunteers
with a regular army battalion.
not only gave France's armies greater manpower, but sped
up the process by which green troops gained experience.
also proved his abilities in the field, helping to win the
battle of Wattignies.
a member of the Committee of Public Safety, he risked his
neck by fighting with Maximilien
Robespierre but, in the end, that saved his life because
he survived the fall of Robespierre and his cronies.
Carnot's highest position in France was as President of
the Directory, but his views on the republic, and his opposition
to the empire and imperial honours, got him offside with
1807 and 1814 he was rarely used by Bonaparte, but in 1814
he took over the defence of Antwerp.
joined the returning emperor for the 100
Days Campaign and upon Bonaparte's final fall was exiled.
spent his last years in various European cities writing