epileptic younger brother of Francis
I, Archduke Charles was respected as both a commander, and reformer,
of Austria's fragile army.
began his career fighting the revolutionary
armies of France and saw victory at Jemappes
(1792) and Neerwinden (1793),
before tasting defeat at Wattignies (1793) and Fleurus (1794).
with distinction against the whirlwind of Napoleon
Bonaparte in 1796, Charles then beat lesser opponents such as
General Jourdan and General
instigating reforms for Austria's armies he went into the 1809 campaign
with confidence and inflicted Bonaparte's first major setback at
Aspern-Essling, before suffering
a massive defeat at Wagram.
was one of Bonaparte's most talented opponents and yet stood only
five feet tall.