King of Prussia
semi-enlightened king, Frederick-Wilhelm promoted religious fairness
and eased censorship in Prussia.
joined the Third Coalition against
Napoleon Bonaparte in 1805, but
the Austro-Russian disaster at Austerlitz
made him rethink his military stance.
1806 he provoked a war with France and after an appalling campaign,
which led to the major defeats at Jena
and Auerstadt, his country was
divided up and became a vassal state of France.
to contribute troops to the Grand Armee for its invasion of Russia,
Frederick-Wilhelm changed sides in 1813 and became a member of the
the move came too late for his late wife, the stunningly beautiful
Queen Louise, to enjoy. She had died in 1810. Queen Louise had been
a fervent opponent of Bonaparte, but despite her animosity was described
by the French Emperor as "the only man in Prussia".