Napoleon Bonaparte's will (11)
24th of April, 1821. Longwood. This is a fourth Codicil
to my Testament.
the dispositions we have heretofore made, we have
not fulfilled all our obligations, which has decided
us to make this fourth codicil. l. We bequeath to
the son or grandson of Baron Duthiel, lieutenant-general
of artillery, and formerly lord of St. André, who
commanded the school of Auxonne before the Revolution,
the sum of one hundred thousand francs, as a memento
of gratitude for the care which that brave general
took of us when we were lieutenant and captain under
Item. To the son or grandson of General Dugomier,
who commanded in chief the army of Toulon, the sum
of one hundred thousand francs. We, under his orders,
directed that siege, and commanded the artillery:
it is a testimonial of remembrance for the marks of
esteem, affection, and friendship, which that brave
and intrepid general gave us.
3. Item. We bequeath one hundred thousand francs to
the son or grandson of the deputy of the Convention,
Gasparin, representative of the people at the army
of Toulon, for having protected and sanctioned with
his authority the plan we had given, which procured
the capture of that city, and which was contrary to
that sent by the Committee of Public Safety. Gasparin,
by his protection, sheltered us from the persecution
and ignorance of the general officers who commanded
the army before the arrival of my friend Dugomier.
Item. We bequeath one hundred thousand francs to the
widow, son, or grandson, of our aide-de-camp Muiron,
killed at our side at Arcola, covering us with his
Item. Ten thousand francs to the subaltern officer
Cantillon, who has undergone a trial upon the charge
of having endeavoured to assassinate Lord Wellington,
of which he was pronounced innocent. Cantillon has
as much right to assassinate that oligarchist as the
latter had to send me to perish upon the rock of St.
Helena. Wellington, who proposed this outrage, attempted
to justify it by pleading the interest of Great Britain.
Cantillon, if he had really assassinated that lord,
would have pleaded the same excuse, and been justified
by the same motive--the interest of France--to get
rid of this General, who, moreover, by violating the
capitulation of Paris, had rendered himself responsible
for the blood of the martyrs Ney, Labeoyere, &c.:
and for the crime of having pillaged the museums,
contrary to the text of the treaties.
These four hundred thousand francs shall be added
to the six million for hundred thousand of which we
have disposed, and will make our legacies amount to
six million eight hundred and ten thousand francs;
these four hundred and ten thousand are to be considered
as forming part of our testament, Article 36, and
to follow in every respect the same course as the
7. The nine thousand pounds sterling which we gave
to Count and Countess Montholon, should, if they have
been paid, be deducted and carried to the account
of the legacies which we have given him by our testament.
If they have not been paid, our notes of hand shall
In consideration of the legacy given by our will to
Count Montholon, the pension of twenty thousand francs
granted to his wife is annulled. Count Montholon is
charged with the payment of it to her.
The administration of such an inheritance, until its
final liquidation, requiring expenses of offices,
journeys, missions, consultations, and lawsuits, we
expect that our testamentary executors shall retain
3 per cent. upon all the legacies, as well upon the
six million eight hundred thousand francs, as upon
the sums contained in the codicils, and upon the two
hundred millions of francs of the private domain.
The amount of the sums thus retained shall be deposited
in the hands of a treasurer, and disbursed by drafts
from our testamentary executors.
Should the sums arising from the aforesaid deductions
not be sufficient to defray the expenses, provisions
shall be made to that effect at the expense of the
three testamentary executors and the treasurer, each
in proportion to the legacy which we have bequeathed
to them in our will and codicils.
Should the sums arising from the before-mentioned
subtractions be more than necessary, the surplus shall
be divided amongst our three testamentary executors
and the treasurer, in the proportion of their respective
We nominate Count Las Cases, and in default of him
his son, and in default of the latter, General Drouot,
to be treasurer.
present codicil is entirely written with our hand,
signed, and sealed with our arms.