Armed Neutrality of the North
Armed Neutrality of the North, between Denmark, Sweden,
Russia and Prussia, was an agreement to prevent the
Royal Navy stopping and searching trading vessels
of those countries.
had three important tasks for its fleet in the Baltic
needed to restrict French access to war materiel and
supplies, almost the only way Britain could hurt France
during that period of the Wars.
two years of poor harvests, the navy needed to keep
Britain's own grain imports flowing to avoid social
unrest at home.
in order to maintain its naval programmes, the British
fleets had to ensure that vital supplies of wood,
pitch and rigging hemp were not disrupted.
1801, the British Admiralty sent a large fleet to
deliver an ultimatum for Denmark to withdraw from
the northern pact.
British - led by the indecisive Admiral Sir Hyde Parker,
but bolstered by the talents of Horatio
Nelson, responded by attacking and destroying
the Danish fleet at Copenhagen.
Armed Neutrality of the North then fell apart.