from a noble family in Wurrtemberg, Friedrich Hohenloe was in his
early 20s when he joined the Prussian army.
the outbreak of the Revolutionary
Wars he was sent against France and won at Kaiserslautern, but
marred that success by being forced out of the Rhine lands by General
1806, the 60-year-old Hohenloe
again took up arms against France, but ran into Napoleon
Bonaparte at Jena and - vastly
outnumbered - was badly defeated.
managed to rescue remnants of his army and withdrew, but was finally
forced to surrender two weeks later.
spent two years as a prisoner of war and when he returned to Prussia
decided to retire.