1748 - 1819
and lacking average mental powers, Charles IV was King of Spain
at a time when strong leadership was needed. He was ruled by his
wife, Maria-Louisa, and she by her lover Manuel Godoy.
1795 Godoy forced the king to agree to switching sides in the war
against revolutionary France and Spanish forces - mainly its sizeable
fleet - were then used by the French against Britain.
1808 he was tricked from his throne by Napoleon
Bonaparte - as was his son and heir Fredinand - clearing the
way for the French emperor's brother Joseph to gain the crown.
IV then lived in exile in France until 1814.
the expulsion of the French, his son became Ferdinand VII of Spain.
Remembered as a good-natured fool by many historians, Charles IV
died in Rome in 1819.